Logo American Veteran

Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program

August 19, 2023

Small businesses often emerge as the vibrant threads that weave together economic growth, innovation, and community livelihood. These enterprises, driven by the determination of their owners, serve as engines that fuel local economies and provide vital services to neighborhoods and towns.

However, even the most resilient of businesses can face unforeseen challenges that threaten their stability, and one such challenge arises when an essential employee is called to active duty as a military reservist or even when a veteran is unable to find work.

Recognizing the significance of these businesses and their essential role in the larger economic landscape, the Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program (MREIDL) steps in as a beacon of support during times of uncertainty. The MREIDL program, overseen by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), addresses the unique predicaments that small businesses encounter when a crucial team member is called upon to serve their nation.

This program extends a lifeline to eligible small businesses by providing emergency working capital that assists them in meeting ordinary operating expenses, thereby bridging the financial gap created by the absence of an essential employee. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the eligibility requirements and application process for this program.

Program Contact1-800-659-2955
Additional InfoDisaster Loan Assistance
Managing AgencyU.S. Small Business Administration

Understanding the Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program

Unlike loans designed to replace lost income or profits, the MREIDL program focuses on providing the necessary working capital that allows these businesses to navigate through turbulent waters until operations return to normalcy after the essential employee's release from active military duty.

It's a program built on the principle of resilience and continuity – sustaining businesses not only for their owners but for the communities they serve.

How Does It Work?

This insightful program goes beyond immediate financial aid, embracing a broader understanding of business dynamics. It recognizes that each business is unique, and its eligibility criteria are designed to ensure assistance is allocated where it's most needed. With a keen emphasis on financial sustainability, the program ensures that the loans can be repaid without undue hardship, protecting both the recipient and the taxpayers who subsidize these essential funds.

Moreover, the MREIDL program doesn't merely provide loans; it offers a crucial lifeline without being overly burdensome. The manageable interest rate of no more than 4% per year, extended maximum maturity of 30 years, and a ceiling of $2.0 million for the loan amount underscore its dedication to fostering growth and resilience in the small business sector.

Eligibility Requirements

The Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program (MREIDL) stands as a valuable support mechanism for small businesses facing the unique challenge of maintaining their operations when an essential employee is called to active duty as a military reservist.

While the program's aim is clear—to provide emergency working capital—the eligibility criteria that guide its implementation play a pivotal role in ensuring that assistance reaches those businesses most in need, while also maintaining the integrity of taxpayer-supported resources.

At its core, the MREIDL program is designed to aid small businesses that are unable to meet their ordinary and necessary operating expenses due to the absence of an essential employee on active duty. However, to strike a balance between providing aid and preserving fiscal responsibility, the eligibility requirements are finely tuned. Here are key factors that determine eligibility for the program:

1. Financial Capacity for Recovery

The program's foundation is built on the principle that businesses with the financial capability to fund their own recovery should do so. As a result, federal law mandates that the Small Business Administration (SBA) assess whether credit is available from non-government sources to accomplish full recovery without imposing undue financial hardship on the applicant. This concept, known as "credit available elsewhere," shapes the program's scope.

2. Business Size

MREIDL primarily targets small businesses, aligning with the SBA's focus on supporting these enterprises. While specific size thresholds may vary by industry, the program inherently aims to assist those enterprises that might lack the financial buffer of larger corporations.

3. Credit and Repayment Ability

The SBA's assistance under the MREIDL program is extended in the form of loans. To ensure that these loans can be repaid based on satisfactory credit and repayment ability, the SBA conducts a careful evaluation of the applicant's creditworthiness and their demonstrated capacity to fulfill repayment obligations.

4. Collateral Requirements

For MREIDLs exceeding $50,000, collateral is required to secure the loan. While real estate is the preferred form of collateral, the SBA understands the varying circumstances of each business and won't decline a loan solely due to lack of collateral. Instead, the agency may ask for collateral if it's available, enhancing the security of the program's investments.

5. Loan Purpose

The focus of MREIDL funds is distinct. These loans are intended solely to bridge the gap in working capital caused by an essential employee's active duty. They are not designed to cover lost income or profits. Furthermore, MREIDL funds cannot be used as a substitute for regular commercial debt, refinancing long-term debt, or expanding the business.

6. Maximum Loan Amount and Terms

The program has set a maximum loan amount of $2.0 million, with an interest rate capped at 4% per year. The maximum maturity period for the loans is 30 years, although the actual maturity is tailored based on the applicant's ability to repay.

Application Process

  1. Access the Application Portal: Begin by visiting the U.S. Small Business Administration's (SBA) secure Disaster Loan Assistance website. This online portal is designed to facilitate a seamless application experience.

  2. Initiate the Application: On the portal, you'll find the option to initiate the application process. Click on the appropriate link to start the application for the Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan.

  3. Provide Business Information: The application will prompt you to enter essential information about your business. This includes details such as the business name, address, type of business, and contact information.

  4. Explain the Need: Describe how the absence of an essential employee due to active duty as a military reservist has impacted your business's ordinary and necessary operating expenses. Explain the financial challenges you are facing and how the MREIDL funds will be utilized to bridge the gap.

  5. Demonstrate Repayment Ability: As the MREIDL program provides assistance in the form of loans, you will need to demonstrate your ability to repay the loan. The application will likely require information related to your credit history, financial statements, and repayment plans.

  6. Collateral Information: If your loan request exceeds $50,000, you'll need to provide collateral information. While real estate is the preferred form of collateral, the application process will guide you on how to provide this information.

  7. Loan Terms and Amount: Specify the amount of the loan you are requesting, up to the maximum of $2.0 million. The program's terms, such as the interest rate (which cannot exceed 4% per year) and the maximum maturity period (30 years), will be applied to your loan.

  8. Review and Submit: Carefully review all the information you've provided to ensure accuracy. Make any necessary edits before submitting the application. Once you're satisfied with the information, submit your application through the online portal.

  9. Wait for Processing: After submitting your application, it will undergo a review process by the SBA. This review is conducted to ensure that your application meets the program's eligibility criteria and requirements.

  10. Communication from SBA: The SBA will communicate with you regarding the status of your application. This communication might involve requests for additional information, updates on the application's progress, or the final decision.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Who is eligible for the MREIDL program?

The MREIDL program is designed to assist eligible small businesses facing financial challenges due to the absence of an essential employee on active duty as a military reservist. However, applicants with the financial capacity to fund their own recovery are not eligible for MREIDL assistance.

2. What expenses can MREIDL funds cover?

MREIDL funds are intended to cover ordinary and necessary operating expenses that a small business is unable to meet due to the absence of an essential employee. These funds help bridge the financial gap until operations return to normal after the employee's release from active military duty. It's important to note that MREIDL funds are not meant to replace lost income or profits.

3. What are the loan terms for MREIDL?

The interest rate on MREIDL loans is capped at no more than 4% per year. The maximum maturity for these business disaster loans is 30 years. However, the actual maturity of the loan is based on the applicant's ability to repay. The maximum loan amount that can be requested is $2.0 million.

4. Is collateral required for MREIDL loans?

Collateral is required for all MREIDLs exceeding $50,000, to the extent it is available. Real estate is the preferred form of collateral. However, it's important to know that the SBA will not decline a loan solely due to lack of collateral. If collateral is available, the borrower may be required to pledge it.

5. How do I apply for the MREIDL program?

You can apply online for disaster loan assistance through the U.S. Small Business Administration's (SBA) secure Disaster Loan Assistance website. The application process is designed to be convenient and user-friendly.


In its commitment to fostering continuity, the MREIDL program's eligibility requirements, loan terms, and application process are carefully designed to provide accessible assistance while maintaining fiscal responsibility. By offering support through affordable interest rates, reasonable loan maturity periods, and an emphasis on repayment ability, the program helps businesses weather temporary setbacks and emerge stronger.

Once your business is back on track, you might also be interested in learning about other benefits, such as GI Bill payment rates for veterans and active-duty service members pursuing educational goals. For more valuable resources, head over to American Veterans today!

Michael Blair contributes his expertise to help veterans access government benefits and resources. Through his informative articles and guides, he plays a vital role in empowering veterans and improving their quality of life.
Logo American Veteran
Americanveteran.org strive to provide accessible information and assistance to help veterans navigate post-service challenges. Explore our collection of helpful guides, articles, and tools to access the benefits and support you deserve.
© 2024 American Veteran. All Rights Reserved.

DMCA.com Protection Status