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Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL)

August 11, 2023

Are you a veteran or an active-duty service member with an existing VA loan? Are you looking to lower your interest rate and potentially reduce your monthly payments? If so, the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL) program offered by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) might be the solution you've been seeking. 

In the pursuit of housing loans for veterans, especially for those who have dedicated their lives to serving our country, every opportunity to save counts. This program holds the promise of not only lowering your interest rate but potentially reducing your monthly mortgage payments as well.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll dive deep into the workings of the IRRRL program, uncovering its key benefits, the eligibility criteria, and a comprehensive guide on how to embark on this journey towards financial relief.

Program Contact1-877-827-3702
Additional InfoRegional Loan Centers
Managing AgencyU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Understanding the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL)

The IRRRL program, or Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan program, is a financial offering designed specifically for veterans and active-duty service members who currently hold a VA loan. This program provides an opportunity to refinance an existing VA loan in order to lower the interest rate on the mortgage.

Offered by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), this program allows participants to potentially reduce their monthly mortgage payments, saving money over the life of the loan.

Key Benefits of the IRRRL Program

  • Lower Interest Rates: The primary goal of the IRRRL program is to provide eligible individuals with the chance to secure a new mortgage at a lower interest rate compared to their original VA loan. This can lead to significant savings over time.

  • Simplified Process: Unlike traditional refinancing options, IRRRLs do not require credit underwriting, making the application process smoother and more accessible for qualified applicants.

  • Inclusive Outstanding Balance: The IRRRL program allows participants to include the entire outstanding balance of their previous VA loan in the new loan amount. This feature can help borrowers manage their financial obligations more effectively.

  • Flexible Loan Terms: Veterans have the flexibility to negotiate the interest rate with the lender, and the program offers a range of repayment terms, with a maximum loan length of 30 years.

Eligibility Requirements

The IRRRL program extends its support to a specific set of individuals, including:

  • Veterans: Those who have honorably served in the military and received a discharge under conditions other than dishonorable.

  • Active-Duty Service Members: Individuals currently serving on active duty within the armed forces.

  • Reserve and National Guard Members (Called to Active Duty): Members of the Reserve or National Guard who have been called to active duty service.

  • Current Reserve and National Guard Members (After Six Years of Creditable Service): Members of the Reserve or National Guard who have completed at least six years of creditable service.

  • Certain Surviving Spouses: Spouses of deceased veterans who meet specific criteria.

Additional Eligibility Qualifications

In addition to the military status qualifications, there are additional criteria that applicants must meet to be eligible for the IRRRL program:

  • Discharge Status: Veterans and service members must have been discharged under conditions other than dishonorable.

  • Length of Service: There is no specific length of service requirements for veterans and active-duty service members, but the specific length of service is important for Reserve and National Guard members to qualify.

  • Property Occupancy: As a requirement for VA home loans, the Veteran, Veteran's spouse, or dependent child must certify occupancy for the property. This means that the property being refinanced must be or will be the primary residence of the borrower.

Application Process

This program offers a streamlined application process to veterans and active-duty service members seeking to lower their interest rates and enhance their financial stability.

Here's a step-by-step guide to help you navigate the IRRRL application process:

Step 1: Assess Your Eligibility

Before you dive into the application, ensure you meet the eligibility criteria. Confirm that you are a veteran, active-duty service member, Reserve/National Guard member, or surviving spouse who meets the specified conditions. Additionally, make sure you've been discharged under conditions other than dishonorable and fulfill the length of service requirements.

Step 2: Gather Necessary Documentation

Gather essential documents, including your Certificate of Eligibility (COE) to verify your VA loan status, proof of your discharge status, and evidence of property occupancy. These documents will support your application and streamline the process.

Step 3: Contact Lenders

Reach out to multiple lenders to explore your refinancing options. Different lenders may offer varying terms, interest rates, and benefits. Compare their offerings to determine the best fit for your financial goals.

Step 4: Choose a Lender

Select a lender that aligns with your preferences and financial needs. Initiate discussions with the chosen lender to understand the interest rates, closing costs, and other terms associated with the loan.

Step 5: Complete the Loan Application

Fill out the loan application provided by your chosen lender. This application will require personal and financial information, along with details about your existing VA loan. Be thorough and accurate in providing the required information.

Step 6: Review Loan Terms

Once your lender receives your application, they will provide you with a Loan Estimate. Review this estimate carefully, as it outlines the proposed terms of the refinanced loan, including interest rates, closing costs, and monthly payments.

Step 7: Lock in the Interest Rate

If you are satisfied with the terms provided in the Loan Estimate, you can choose to lock in the interest rate. This will ensure that the agreed-upon rate remains unchanged until the closing of the loan.

Step 8: Provide Additional Documentation

Your lender may request additional documentation to support your application. This might include recent pay stubs, tax returns, and other financial records. Promptly provide the requested information to keep the process moving smoothly.

Step 9: Loan Underwriting

Your lender will review all the provided documentation to assess your financial qualifications for the loan. This process is known as underwriting and is designed to ensure that you meet the lender's credit requirements.

Step 10: Closing Process

Once your loan is approved, you will be provided with a Closing Disclosure outlining the final terms of the loan. Review it carefully and prepare to attend the loan closing. During the closing, you'll sign the necessary documents to finalize the refinance.

After the closing, you'll start making payments according to the new loan terms. With your interest rate reduced, you can begin enjoying the financial relief provided by the IRRRL program.

Additional Resources

  • Home Loans Webpage: For detailed information about the IRRRL program, loan terms, eligibility requirements, and the application process, visit the Home Loans webpage. This official resource provides comprehensive insights into the program and its benefits.

  • Ask VA (AVA) Webpage: If you have specific questions or inquiries about the IRRRL program, you can visit the Ask VA (AVA) webpage to submit your questions electronically. VA experts will provide responses to your queries, helping you gain a better understanding of the program.

  • Regional Loan Centers: For more personalized assistance and detailed inquiries, you can contact the Regional Loan Centers across different areas. These centers offer specialized support and guidance to veterans and eligible individuals, ensuring you receive accurate and relevant information.

Frequently Asked Questions

The IRRRL program, offered by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), allows eligible veterans and service members to refinance their existing VA loans in order to lower their interest rates and potentially reduce monthly payments.

2. Who is eligible for the IRRRL program?

Veterans, active-duty service members, Reserve/National Guard members (called to active duty or after six years of creditable service), and certain surviving spouses are eligible for the IRRRL program. Additionally, the applicant must have been discharged under conditions other than dishonorable and meet specific length of service requirements.

3. Can I include the entire outstanding balance of my prior loan in the IRRRL?

Yes, IRRRLs may include the entire outstanding balance of the prior loan, including closing costs and up to two discount points. This can provide a comprehensive refinancing solution.

4. Are there credit underwriting requirements for IRRRLs?

No, IRRRLs do not require credit underwriting. However, it's important to note that some lenders might have their own additional credit requirements for loan approval.

5. Can I negotiate the interest rate for the refinanced loan?

Yes, veterans have the ability to negotiate the interest rate with the lender for all types of loans.


The Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL) program offers a clear and efficient path to lower interest rates and improved financial stability for veterans and active-duty service members. By following these steps, you can navigate the application process with confidence, making well-informed decisions that lead to reduced monthly payments and a brighter financial future. 

As you explore opportunities to enhance your financial well-being, you might be interested in further education on financial aid options. Are you wondering whether the GI Bill is considered financial aid? Delve into our comprehensive overview to learn how this crucial benefit for veterans can contribute to your educational and financial goals!

Michael Blair contributes his expertise to help veterans access government benefits and resources. Through his informative articles and guides, he plays a vital role in empowering veterans and improving their quality of life.
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